UUID理解

简单说明

V2、V5可以理解为V1、V3的升级版本

版本 说明
V1/V2 基于timestamp+MAC生成,V2加上域名
V3/V5 基于输入的namespace和值生成,v3(md5)v5(sha1)可重复生成; 如用户根据用户信息生成用户唯一id
V4 根据伪随机数生成

UUID V3/4/5的PHP实现

<?php
class UUID {
  public static function v3($namespace, $name) {
    if(!self::is_valid($namespace)) return false;

    // Get hexadecimal components of namespace
    $nhex = str_replace(array('-','{','}'), '', $namespace);

    // Binary Value
    $nstr = '';

    // Convert Namespace UUID to bits
    for($i = 0; $i < strlen($nhex); $i+=2) {
      $nstr .= chr(hexdec($nhex[$i].$nhex[$i+1]));
    }

    // Calculate hash value
    $hash = md5($nstr . $name);

    return sprintf('%08s-%04s-%04x-%04x-%12s',

      // 32 bits for "time_low"
      substr($hash, 0, 8),

      // 16 bits for "time_mid"
      substr($hash, 8, 4),

      // 16 bits for "time_hi_and_version",
      // four most significant bits holds version number 3
      (hexdec(substr($hash, 12, 4)) & 0x0fff) | 0x3000,

      // 16 bits, 8 bits for "clk_seq_hi_res",
      // 8 bits for "clk_seq_low",
      // two most significant bits holds zero and one for variant DCE1.1
      (hexdec(substr($hash, 16, 4)) & 0x3fff) | 0x8000,

      // 48 bits for "node"
      substr($hash, 20, 12)
    );
  }

  public static function v4() {
    return sprintf('%04x%04x-%04x-%04x-%04x-%04x%04x%04x',

      // 32 bits for "time_low"
      mt_rand(0, 0xffff), mt_rand(0, 0xffff),

      // 16 bits for "time_mid"
      mt_rand(0, 0xffff),

      // 16 bits for "time_hi_and_version",
      // four most significant bits holds version number 4
      mt_rand(0, 0x0fff) | 0x4000,

      // 16 bits, 8 bits for "clk_seq_hi_res",
      // 8 bits for "clk_seq_low",
      // two most significant bits holds zero and one for variant DCE1.1
      mt_rand(0, 0x3fff) | 0x8000,

      // 48 bits for "node"
      mt_rand(0, 0xffff), mt_rand(0, 0xffff), mt_rand(0, 0xffff)
    );
  }

  public static function v5($namespace, $name) {
    if(!self::is_valid($namespace)) return false;

    // Get hexadecimal components of namespace
    $nhex = str_replace(array('-','{','}'), '', $namespace);

    // Binary Value
    $nstr = '';

    // Convert Namespace UUID to bits
    for($i = 0; $i < strlen($nhex); $i+=2) {
      $nstr .= chr(hexdec($nhex[$i].$nhex[$i+1]));
    }

    // Calculate hash value
    $hash = sha1($nstr . $name);

    return sprintf('%08s-%04s-%04x-%04x-%12s',

      // 32 bits for "time_low"
      substr($hash, 0, 8),

      // 16 bits for "time_mid"
      substr($hash, 8, 4),

      // 16 bits for "time_hi_and_version",
      // four most significant bits holds version number 5
      (hexdec(substr($hash, 12, 4)) & 0x0fff) | 0x5000,

      // 16 bits, 8 bits for "clk_seq_hi_res",
      // 8 bits for "clk_seq_low",
      // two most significant bits holds zero and one for variant DCE1.1
      (hexdec(substr($hash, 16, 4)) & 0x3fff) | 0x8000,

      // 48 bits for "node"
      substr($hash, 20, 12)
    );
  }

  public static function is_valid($uuid) {
    return preg_match('/^\{?[0-9a-f]{8}\-?[0-9a-f]{4}\-?[0-9a-f]{4}\-?'.
                      '[0-9a-f]{4}\-?[0-9a-f]{12}\}?$/i', $uuid) === 1;
  }
}

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