codesignal practice 3

7

You are given three integers in the form of strings: firstnum, secondnum, and thirdnum. Your task is to check whether it is possible to erase at most one digit from firstnum, so that the resulting string contains at least one digit, has no leading zeros and the value of thirdnum is equal to the sum of the values of firstnum and secondnum.

Return true if it's possible, otherwise return false.

Note: All three strings are provided without leading zeros.

Example

For firstnum = "10534", secondnum = "67", and thirdnum = "1120", the output should be eraseOneDigit(firstnum, secondnum, thirdnum) = true.

By erasing the 5th digit of firstnum, the result is 1053, and 1053 + 67 = 1120. So the answer is true.

For firstnum = "10000", secondnum = "67", and thirdnum = "1120", the output should be eraseOneDigit(firstnum, secondnum, thirdnum) = false.

The only possible modified values of firstnum would be 10000 (nothing was deleted), 0000 (first digit was deleted), and 1000 (any zero was deleted); none of which would produce the required sum, so the answer is false.

For firstnum = "1067", secondnum = "33", and thirdnum = "100", the output should be eraseOneDigit(firstnum, secondnum, thirdnum) = false.

We could delete the first digit of firstnum, resulting in 067 (and 67 + 33 = 100), but since in this case new firstnum value has a leading zero, it's considered invalid. So the answer is false.

For firstnum = "153", secondnum = "153", and thirdnum = "306", the output should be eraseOneDigit(firstnum, secondnum, thirdnum) = true.

Because 153 + 153 = 306, there's no need to delete a digit from firstnum, and the result is true.

Input/Output

[execution time limit] 4 seconds (php)

[input] string firstnum

A string representing an integer.

Guaranteed constraints:
2 ≤ firstnum.length ≤ 9.

[input] string secondnum

A string representing an integer.

Guaranteed constraints:
1 ≤ secondnum.length ≤ 9.

[input] string thirdnum

A string representing an integer.

Guaranteed constraints:
1 ≤ thirdnum.length ≤ 9.

[output] boolean

Return true if it's possible to erase at most one digit from firstnum such that the value of thirdnum is equal to the sum of the values of firstnum and secondnum. Otherwise return false.

8

You are given two arrays of integers a and b, and two integers lower and upper. Your task is to find the number of pairs (i, j) such that lower ≤ a[i] * a[i] + b[j] * b[j] ≤ upper.

Example

For a = [3, -1, 9], b = [100, 5, -2], lower = 7, and upper = 99, the output should be boundedSquareSum(a, b, lower, upper) = 4.

There are only four pairs that satisfy the requirement:

If i = 0 and j = 1, then a[0] = 3, b[1] = 5, and 7 ≤ 3 * 3 + 5 * 5 = 9 + 25 = 36 ≤ 99.
If i = 0 and j = 2, then a[0] = 3, b[2] = -2, and 7 ≤ 3 * 3 + (-2) * (-2) = 9 + 4 = 13 ≤ 99.
If i = 1 and j = 1, then a[1] = -1, b[1] = 5, and 7 ≤ (-1) * (-1) + 5 * 5 = 1 + 25 = 26 ≤ 99.
If i = 2 and j = 2, then a[2] = 9, b[2] = -2, and 7 ≤ 9 * 9 + (-2) * (-2) = 81 + 4 = 85 ≤ 99.
For a = [1, 2, 3, -1, -2, -3], b = [10], lower = 0, and upper = 100, the output should be boundedSquareSum(a, b, lower, upper) = 0.

Since the array b contains only one element 10 and the array a does not contain 0, it is not possible to satisfy 0 ≤ a[i] * a[i] + 10 * 10 ≤ 100.

Input/Output

[execution time limit] 4 seconds (php)

[input] array.integer a

A first array of integers.

Guaranteed constraints:
1 ≤ a.length ≤ 105,
-104 ≤ a[i] ≤ 104.

[input] array.integer b

A second array of integers.

Guaranteed constraints:
1 ≤ b.length ≤ 105,
-104 ≤ b[i] ≤ 104.

[input] integer lower

An integer representing a lower bound of a satisfiable square sum.

Guaranteed constraints:
0 ≤ lower ≤ 109.

[input] integer upper

An integer representing an upper bound of a satisfiable square sum.

Guaranteed constraints:
lower ≤ upper,
0 ≤ upper ≤ 109.

[output] integer

The number of pairs (i, j) such, that lower ≤ a[i] * a[i] + b[j] * b[j] ≤ upper. It is guaranteed that the answer fits in 32-bit value type.

9

Given an integer n and an array a of length n, your task is to apply the following mutation to a:

Array a mutates into a new array b of length n.
For each i from 0 to n - 1, b[i] = a[i - 1] + a[i] + a[i + 1].
If some element in the sum a[i - 1] + a[i] + a[i + 1] does not exist, it should be set to 0. For example, b[0] should be equal to 0 + a[0] + a[1].
Example

For n = 5 and a = [4, 0, 1, -2, 3], the output should be mutateTheArray(n, a) = [4, 5, -1, 2, 1].

b[0] = 0 + a[0] + a[1] = 0 + 4 + 0 = 4
b[1] = a[0] + a[1] + a[2] = 4 + 0 + 1 = 5
b[2] = a[1] + a[2] + a[3] = 0 + 1 + (-2) = -1
b[3] = a[2] + a[3] + a[4] = 1 + (-2) + 3 = 2
b[4] = a[3] + a[4] + 0 = (-2) + 3 + 0 = 1
So, the resulting array after the mutation will be [4, 5, -1, 2, 1].

Input/Output

[execution time limit] 4 seconds (php)

[input] integer n

An integer representing the length of the given array.

Guaranteed constraints:
1 ≤ n ≤ 103.

[input] array.integer a

An array of integers that needs to be mutated.

Guaranteed constraints:
a.length = n,
-103 ≤ a[i] ≤ 103.

[output] array.integer

The resulting array after the mutation.

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